Essays in Medieval Studies, Volume 11

Figures of Speech:
The Body in Medieval Art, History, and Literature

Allen J. Frantzen and David A. Robertson
Editorial Assistant
Stephen J. Harris
Online Editor
Allen J. Frantzen
Online Editorial Assistant
Christina Heckman


Essays in Medieval Studies: Proceedings of the Illinois Medieval Association (ISSN 1043-2213) is published annually by the Illinois Medieval Association and publishes only papers presented at that year's annual meeting.

For copies and subscription information, contact

Allen J. Frantzen
Executive Secretary, IMA
Department of English
Loyola University Chicago,
6525 North Sheridan Road
Chicago, IL 60626.

Library of Congress Card Number: 88-647467.
Copyright 2000 by the Illinois Medieval Association.
Volume 11 copyright 1995 by the Illinois Medieval Association.

No portion of this material maybe reproduced by any means, mechanical or electronic, without permission of the Illinois Medieval Association and the author.

[Page numbers of the printed text appear at the right in bold.]


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    The Illinois Medieval Association held its eleventh annual meeting, organized around the theme of "Figures of Speech: The Body in Medieval Art, History, and Literature," at Loyola University Chicago on February 18-19, 1994. Sixty-five papers were delivered at the conference; the essays contained in this Volume were chosen from among those submitted for publication and were subsequently revised, and, in some cases, expanded. The plenery sessions featured papers by David Aers and Kathleen Biddick and included the response of each to the other's work; these papers and responses being the Volume.

    The 1994 meeting, the second to be held at Loyola University, was funded by the Loyola Endowment for the Humanities, the College of Arts and Sciences, the Medieval Studies Program, the Department of English, the Department of Fine Arts, the Department of History, the Academic Affairs Office, the Center for Faith and Culture, and the Martin D'Arcy Museum of Art, Loyola University's Museum of Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Art. We wish in particular to thank Kathleen McCourt and Edward Sidlow for their generous support.

    The annual business meeting was held during lunch on February 19. and was chaired by IMA President Ruth Hamilton of The Newberry Library. Officers for IMA for 1994-1995 proposed by the Executive Committee and approved by the membership at the business meeting are as follows: President, David A. Robertson, Loyola University, President; Nicole Clifton, Northern Illinois University, Vice-President; David Wagner, Northern Illinois University, Vice-President for Development; Thomas H. Hall, University of Illinois-Chicago, and Barbara Rosenwein, Loyola University, Advisors (for 1993-95 and 1994-96 respectively); Allen J. Frantzen, Loyola University, became Executive Secretary in 1993; Wagner's office was approved as a five-year position at the 1993 business meeting.

    The membership accepted the invitation of David Wagner to hold the twelfth annual meeting in February 1995 at Northern Illinois University. The meeting will be co-chaired by David Wagne and Nicole Clifton.

    Beginning with Essays in Medieval Studies 10 (1993), Four Last Things: Death, Judgment, Heaven, and Hell in the Middle Ages, the annual proceedings of the IMA are being published as in electronic format.

    The editorial committee for the current Volume of proceedings consisted of Ruth Hamilton, David Robertson, Barbara Rosenwein, and Allen Frantzen. The editors would like to thank several anonymous readers whose expertise assisted us in preparing these papers of publication and also to thank Stephen J. Harris for his assistance.